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Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States. He is most known as the USA's first populist president (he was a champion of the rights of white male commoners at a time when Aristocratic elites were running the government for their own benefit), and the first President elected by the Democratic Party. Jackson helped take down a corrupt national bank that served moneyed elites rather than ordinary People.  He was also very brutal to native Americans.
War and duelsEdit
Andrew Jackson may have America's most bad-ass President. He was born the son of common Scottish immigrants. Jackson had been in the Revolutionary War at age 13. After the war, he continued his education and became a lawyer, planter, and politician on the western frontier. He supposedly was present at the treason trial of his friend and colleague Aaron Burr, and let it be known that he would challenge any man who had a bad word to say about Burr. He fought numerous duels, and in one case allowed himself to be shot in the chest in order to take careful aim and dispatch his opponent, Charles Dickinson, who had a reputation as one of the finest shots and most dangerous duelists in America. Jackson later became the General of the Southern Army which defeated combined British and Native forces during the War of 1812. His most famous victory was the battle of New Orleans.
Andrew Jackson is also known for forcing thousands upon thousands of Native Americans down the Trail of Tears, thus killing the majority of the Cherokee Tribe, one of the USA's closest friends for much of its history. Hypocritically Jackson had a slogan, "Power to the people." He meant "Power to the white men." He didn't care about Native Americans and kept slaves.
Jackson is also credited with having created the spoils system in American politics, which essentially began the practice of granting "political favors." In Fact, the political appointments had been happening since the beginning of the Federal Government, but no populist had been able to use it prior to Jackson (even Aaron Burr hadn't been allowed to make any appointments in the first Jefferson] term). The populism of Jacksonian Democracy upset the aristocratic elites who had been empowered, in previous administrations. Many who had supported the Democratic-Republicans left the party and joined their conservative brethren in forming the Whig Party.
Andrew Jackson's face appears on the twenty dollar bill. Some think his face should be removed from it.
Was Andrew Jackson Liberal or conservative? Edit
Viewed from our time, and with our understanding of Politics and Economics, Andrew Jackson's policies seem pretty elitist. However, Andrew Jackson was Liberal. Jackson's policies advanced the cause of Representative Government, Universal Rights, Federalism v. Nationalism, elimination of Aristocratic and Elite privilege, and elimination of Regressive Taxation.