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Bolivia

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Bolivia map

A map of Bolivia.

Bolivia is a landlocked country in South America. It borders on Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile and Peru.

Historically Bolivia was created from the breakup of the Spanish Empire in South America and today this leaves a legacy of the Spanish language and Roman Catholicism, but some of the Indigenous languages remain strong. Originally it stretched to the sea, but lost its coastal region to Chile in the late 19th Century war of the Pacific.

Geographically it is a mixture of High Altitude territory in the Andes and lowland Rainforest in the East.

Politically it has the dubious distinction of having had the most regime changes of any country in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Tension remains between the relatively wealthy Spanish speaking more European parts of the population and some of the more indigenous elements of the population. A major agricultural crop is coca from which cocaine and crack are derived.

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