This proposed Amendment to the United States Constitution was originally proposed by a coalition of Republicans, at the beginning of the Lincoln Administration. It was a desperate attempt to entice Seceding States to remain in the union. It is sometimes referred to as the Corwin Amendment in recognition of it's originator and House sponsor, Thomas Corwin. The amendment was sponsored in the Senate by William H. Seward, and was passed on to the States for ratification on March 2, 1861.
Unfortunately, this amendment remains active, though far from the support necessary for adoption. Were this amendment ever ratified and passed into law, it's effects could still be extreme. Instead of calling this thing the Corwin Amendment, they may just as well have called it the Arch-Conservative's Wet Dream Amendment. Fortunately for all of us, this amendment is too Conservative for even most modern ultra-Conservatives.