The Democratic-Republican Party was a political party primarily active from 1796 to 1824. Contrary to the inclusion of the word "Republican" in the name it was mostly good, except for a few instances of corruption (and one dead guy). It was known for resistance to implied Powers in the following of the US Constitution, though there were famous exceptions. Thomas Jefferson was the first President belonging to it. The Democratic-Republican Party included the elements of the original anti-federalists, what has become known as the anti-Federalist Party, and the developing Burr faction. They were generally strongest with the agrarian interests in the South and on the frontier, but also included Burr's developing faction, particularly in New York City, and many of the remaining veterans of the Revolution. Early on, they tended to support the French, as opposed to the English, and many thought the Federalist support of the Jay Treaty was a dishonorable betrayal of our Revolutionary ally.

The group preferred the name Republican Party, as they tended to support a federal republic, but the Federalists tended to call them democrats (Democrat was still widely felt to be a somewhat pejorative term to the elites, and only property owning elites were allowed to vote in the early Republic). By the time of Andrew Jackson, they finally gave up trying to name themselves and accepted the name Democratic Party. This Republican Party should not be confused with the National Republican Party which developed into today's Republican Party. Jeffersonian-Burr Republicans, were mostly federalists who believed in a federal republic (as opposed to a National Republic), and gradual preparation for and extension of political and economic franchise (not continuation of hereditary privilege).

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