The term Eastern World, or Orient refers to the countries and cultures of "The East", eastern Eurasia (Asia, especially East Asia), but also Northeastern Africa, Eastern Aurasia and some parts of Oceania. This is opposed to the Western World or the Occident, western Eurasia (Europe), in the Edward Saïd's orientalist ideology of the East-West conflict.
Some of the "calling cards" of the Eastern World include dramatically different cultural ideas from Europe and the Americas, languages using alphabets other than the traditional Latin, Greek or Cyrillic, in general much larger countries than in the West, overpopulation, unique ethnic cuisine, religions other than Christianity, and widespread totalitarian regimes. The communist systems of modern-day China, North Korea, Vietnam, and other eastern nations leads many ignorant conservatives to hate anything to do with Asia. In reality, it is a huge continent with much to offer, a lot more than North America has. From the frigid parts of Mongolia to the warm, sandy beaches of Indonesia, the Eastern world arguably has more variety in both natural wonders and culture than the West. And a lot of it is good.
The East historically was the richest part of the world, where trade and innovation flourished. First Universities were created based on the Eastern (Islamic) paragon; the Muslim World's middle ages were a golden era in North Africa and Western Asia, as well as Eastern Asia.