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The Equator is an imaginary line dividing the Northern Hemisphere from the Southern Hemisphere and is the widest line of latitude on Earth and is officially 0° latitude.

  1. The equator runs through South America, Africa and Indonesia together with various small islands.
  2. The equator also runs through the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean.

At the equator the sun is overhead at noon on the two Equinoxes in March and September. And at those two times the days are exactly equal length throughout the world.


Temperatures round the equator are high causing water to evaporate, evaporated water later falls back to the ground as Rain and in rainy areas Rainforests develop. Tropical rainforests are in a band round the equator between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer (That area is known as the tropics).

There are also deserts further from the equator in the tropics.

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