Georgia is a country on the crossroads of southern Europe, eastern Europe and western Asia, in the Caucasus region. Georgia borders Russia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkey. Although it is transcontinental, it is culturally a part of Europe, and the second country in the world to adopt Christianity as its state religion in CE 319. It seeks European Union and NATO membership.
Georgia's current situation was brought about by their dispute with Russia over Abkhazia and the province of South Ossetia. South Ossetia is home to an ethnic minority of Russians who have been in conflict with the central Georgian authorities for several years over their citizenship. When Georgia moved a sizable military force to the Ossetian border, Russia responded with a massive (and somewhat unnecessary) invasion. This is a three-pronged attack; the first prong invaded Georgia through the province of South Ossetia itself, while another force attacked the north-western tip of the small country. The third wave consists of naval vassals and marine forces in the Black Sea.
Seriously, Georgia probably has a couple dozen screws loose to be fighting the Russians.
However, should the Russian forces have accidentally cause Turkish casualties, Moscow might have had a dangerous situation on their hands, as the Turkish Army is one of the finest in the world, and is backed by the United States. The true danger here would have been an all-out nuclear war had the U.S. become involved (as we all know we probably would have).