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The Higgs boson is a particle that experts in Physics expected to find since about the 1960's. In July 2012 scientists at CERN said they had found something like the Higgs Boson and in 2013 CERN confirmed that the boson in question is some type of Higgs boson.  The Higgs boson gives mass to most of the other Standard Model particles. It has a nonzero ground-state field value, and particles that can interact with it thus continuously feel its effects. The stronger the interaction, their greater their mass becomes.
Other causes of massEdit
It must be pointed out that most of the mass in the Universe comes from other sources. Baryonic matter is only about 5% of the Universe's mass, and the Higgs boson is not likely involved in the masses of either dark matter or dark energy. For baryonic matter, about 99% of its mass is quark and gluon kinetic and interaction energies induced by "color confinement". However, some Higgs-induced masses are very important in determining the structure of familiar matter, like the masses of the Electron, the up quark, and the down quark.
Because of its possible role in producing a (not all) fundamental property of elementary particles, the Higgs boson has been referred to as the "God particle" in popular culture, although virtually all scientists regard this as a hyperbole.
- What exactly is the Higgs boson? A fairly simple explanation without equations or complex maths, part 1
- What exactly is the Higgs boson? A fairly simple explanation without equations or complex maths, part 2
- Still Confused About the Higgs Boson? Read This This explains about the Higgs boson and other bosons.
- What the Higgs?
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