Kingston-upon-Hull, more familiarly known as Hull, is a major port city in the county of East Yorkshire in northern England located on the estuary of the River Humber a few miles above its entrance to the North Sea. It is a major trading port and has a significant fishing fleet, and is home to the University of Hull (the new University of Lincoln, formerly the University of Humberside, also has a campus in the city).
Kingston-upon-Hull was founded by Edward I in 1293, the king took over an older port, known as Wyke, and belonging to the monks of Meaux Abbey. The town lay where the smaller River Hull entered the Humber, hence its dual name. Hull rapidly outstripped rival ports on the Humber estuary (helped by the fact that some of these were being overwhelmed by rising sea levels and others by silting) to become one of England's premier ports.
In 1642 King Charles I, having raised his standard at Nottingham in an act regarded as being the opening of the Civil War, traveled to Hull only to be denied entrance to the city by its military governor.
In 1941 the city was very badly damaged by German bombing.