Mali is a country in the Sahara in Africa, most of Mali is desert but a small area round the river Niger can be irrigated. Mali is a very poor Third World country that suffered repeated war and military Dictatorship but is now a Democracy. Algeria, Burkina Faso, the Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal border Mali.
There have been numerous Islamist Terrorists incidents in Mali, notably on 20th November 2015 Islamists attacked a hotel and took around 170 hostages. Special Military forces stormed the hotel and freed many hostages but a number were killed including a Belgian member of Parliament. Sources differ over the exact death toll, probably between 19 and 27.