New York is a very liberal state, with a great deal of farmland in its upper regions. Many People mistake the entire state for one huge city, although, that is what New York is known for. The Big Apple. New York was once populated with mostly Irish, Germans, and Italians, back in the early 1900's when it, along with Chicago had a big problem with Mafias. The capital of New York is Albany. New York City served as the capital of the United States from January 1785 until 1789.geography-related article is a stub. You can help Liberapedia by expanding it.