|Republic of Sierra Leone|
|President:||Ernest Bai Koroma|
|Vice President:||Samuel Sam-Sumana|
|Nominal GDP:||$1.955 billion|
The Republic of Sierra Leone is a small nation in West Africa. It has a tropical climate and is almost completely covered in rainforest. It is tragically one of the poorest nations on Earth, due to years of poverty and Western exploitation. It borders Guinea and Liberia.
Much of the poverty is the result of the recent civil conflict between the Sierra Leonean government and the Liberan-backed 'Revolutionary United Front'. Though reasons for the war were numerous, the outstanding cause was the control of Sierra Leone's diamond fields. The diamonds funded both the government and rebel war efforts. During the war, weel over one third of the Sierra Leonean population was displaced and thousands were killed. None of whom had ever seen a diamond. See Blood diamond
Geography, Climate and PopulaceEdit
Sierra Leone has a pleasant, tropical climate. It is mostly covered in forest, though has been subject to widespread deforestation. The nation is very biodiverse, and home to many endangered species.
Sierra Leone has a total land area of 71,620 km², with a total nautical area of 120 km².
The people of Sierra Leone are very culturally diverse. The country is home to the Mende and Temne tribes, who also have fairly prevalent languages. The nation's official language is English, but the Krio (an English-African dialect) is prevalent.
History and Civil WarEdit
Sierra Leone was founded by the Sierra Leone Company in 1792. But in 1808, it became a British colony, and then in 1896 became a British protectorate. It was freed in 1961 and became an independent, constitutional Republic.
In 1991, civil war broke out due to government corruption. The Revolutionary United Front (revolutionary in the sense that it had revolutionary new ideas about how to hack off children's limbs) was formed and began attacking anything that moved. This severely weakened the Sierra Leonean government and the war was escalated when Charles Taylor, a Liberian warlord, began supporting the RUF. The war lasted until 2002, and ended after a large Nigerian military force intervened.
The western countries did little to stop the war, as their economies were doing well over the diamond trade and stopping the flow of conflict diamonds would cripple it.