A Swing state is a State in the United States of America that can vote either Democrat or Republican depending on how popular the parties are there. States that regularly vote Republican are called Red States, the Bible Belt states are examples of Red States. States that regularly vote Democrat are called Blue States, the cool New England states are examples of Blue States. Because swing states are neither clearly red nor clearly blue they are sometimes called Purple states. Swing states are also called Battleground states.
A swing state is usually classified to states that have "swung" at least once since 1992. However, in some cases, a state can go for the same party since 1992 but polls are extremely close to where a swing is possible. Minnesota is an example. Some states that have swung since 1992 but have since gone moderately or definitely to one party are not considered swing states. These would include Kentucky, Louisiana, West Virginia, Arkansas, Montana and Tennessee (all of these states voted for Bill Clinton in 1992 and/or 1996, but haven't voted Democrat since). Indiana is another example, going for Obama in 2008, but didn't vote for Bill Clinton nor has voted Democrat since.
The election system used in the United States, the Electoral College, determines the winner not by popular vote, but by counting in which states the candidate has a majority, with a bonus given to the small states. As a result, the states where a certain candidate is known to win are pretty much ignored by the candidates -- it doesn't matter if the candidate wins 51% or 99% of votes, they still get all the votes from the state. This makes the swing states matter much more; in fact, winning the whole election depends on the candidates winning in the swing states. Not only that, but the system can result in the candidate winning the election while losing the popular vote -- which was exactly what happened in the 2000 and 2016 U.S. Presidential Elections.
List of Swing States Edit
*As of 2017*
|Maine (2nd) (*)||Dem.||Dem.||Dem.||Dem.||Dem.||Dem.||Rep.|
|Nebraska (2nd) (*)||Rep.||Rep.||Rep.||Rep.||Dem.||Rep.||Rep.|
(*) Unlike the rest of the 48 states, Maine and Nebraska do not use the "winner-takes-all" method. For each of these states, the state-side winner wins two (2) electoral votes, with the rest of the 2 (Maine) or 3 (Nebraska) going to whoever captures the most votes in those congressional districts. Statewide Nebraska is considered a "Red State".
External Links Edit
- 1992 Election: https://www.270towin.com/1992_Election/
- 1996 Election: https://www.270towin.com/1996_Election/index.html
- 2000 Election: https://www.270towin.com/2000_Election/index.html
- 2004 Election: https://www.270towin.com/2004_Election/index.html
- 2008 Election: https://www.270towin.com/2008_Election/index.html
- 2012 Election: https://www.270towin.com/2012_Election/index.html
- 2016 Election: https://www.270towin.com/2016_Election/index.html