The Supreme Court of the United States is created by the Constitution. Originally it contained five judges on its "panel," called officially "justices," but was changed to nine some time after the ratification of the Bill of Rights. The court is composed of eight Associate Justices of the Supreme Court as well as the Chief Justice of the United States.
History and BackgroundEdit
The SCOTUS was created by Article Three of the US Constitution, with one Chief Justice serving as the head. The Chief Justice officiates over the impeachment trial of the President in the Senate. The first Chief Justice was John Marshall, of Marbury v. Madison fame.
The SCOTUS is supposed to be officially neutral regarding all issues:
"The law should be deaf to the clamors of the populace"- John Adams
- A Negro had no rights in court
- A Negro was property and could be taken anywhere in the US with master's permission
- A Negro did not exist and was simply a shadow in a thought of White Male Anglo-Saxon Protestants
Brown v Board of Education, 1954Edit
Ended school segregation, under the 14th amendment; "Seperate but Equal" is unconstitutional
Loving v. Virginia, 1967Edit
Roe v. Wade, 1973Edit
Legalized abortion and overturned all state-level laws prohibiting it.
Bush v. Gore, 2000Edit
Shelby County v. Holder, 2013Edit
Ruled that the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was not unconstitutional, but the list of states that are held accountable was; which practically invalidated it until Congress finds a new way. Because the 113th Congress is so divided, this is highly unlikely. The idea behind the ruling was that because the law was so effective, we don't need it anymore. This is untrue: just two hours laters, Texas became the first state to introduce legislation that the Voting Rights Act would have voided.
Hollingsworth v. Perry, 2013Edit
This case was on the Constitutionality of California's ban on gay marriage. Due to the nature of the lawsuit (the state's attorney general and governor refused to defend the bill) the court was unable to make a decision, but it did result in California's gay marriage ban being overturned.
Windsor v. The United States, 2013Edit
Section 3 of Defense of Marriage Act was found unconstitutional, requiring the federal government to recognize gay marriages, but allowing individual states to decide their own marriage laws.
- Elena Kagan, Liberal!, took office 2010, appointed by Obama. She's an ultraliberal, who was Dean of Harvard Law School.
- Antonin Scalia, Conservative, took office 1986, appointed by that old guy. An evil guy. The worst of the worst and he's also a traditionalist Catholic!
- Anthony M. Kennedy, Moderate, took office 1988, appointed by Rotten Ronnie. Mainly conservative, but sometimes sees sense as he's a swing voter.
- Clarence Thomas, Conservative, took office 1991, appointed by Herbert B. Even more conservative than Scalia. Which is scary, so Thomas is an Uncle Tom.
- Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Liberal!, took office 1993, appointed by Billy Beroo Very cool. Very liberal.
- Stephen G. Breyer, Liberal!, took office 1994, appointed by Hillary's Husband Liberal, cool..
- Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr., Conservative, took office 2006, appointed by Dubya. Nasty conservative.
- Sonia Sotomayor, Liberal!, took office 2009, appointed by The One. According to Douchebag McGee, she's an ultraliberal, so she's got to be pretty awesome.
Note how Republicans and Conservatives control four out of the nine commissions. Why can't a court remain neutral? Sonia Sotomayor
Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr.Edit
Members of the SCOTUS are appointed by the President and then confirmed by a majority vote in the Senate. Filibusters, and the lack thereof, then, are key to allowing an appointment. Thus, most modern justices are granted their commissions because of a compromise between Senate Republicans and Democrats.